We have many organs in our bodies but our eyes are what people value at most. This is a reason why we are worried when an eye or vision related problem happens. In the most cases, vision related problems are short term and they can be easily cured. The macular degeneration is an age related eye disorder which is leading to distorted and blurred vision. It can be extremely problematic when it comes to regular activities like driving or reading . In the most cases, people are affected by the macular degeneration after their 50s, but there are some cases when it happens earlier. In elderly population, this disorder is the main cause for irreversible blindness . In macular degeneration, cells in the macular region deteriorate slowly which is affecting the central vision. The progression of age related macular degeneration varies from one individual to other. The yellowish small area near the retina which helps people to distinguish between fine details is the macula. This is a light sensitive tissue. This condition is not causing any pain. There are two types of macular degeneration – wet and dry. The most common symptoms of macular degeneration are objects changing size/color when viewed with one eye; blurry spot affecting the centre of vision and straight objects appearing bent or wavy. The exact cause for macular degeneration is not known but the risk factors for it are age, heredity, gender (woman) and race (Chinese and White people) . You need to talk with your doctor if you suffer from macular degeneration before you start using some of the below mentioned home remedies for this disease.
Macular degeneration treatment
Avoid smoking: It is believed that people who smoke tobacco can enhance the risk of macular degeneration and also worsen it. If you are not a smoker, then you should keep away from passive smoking as far as possible. 
Taurine: This is an amino acid and a vital antioxidant which can help in the regeneration of worn out eye tissues. This natural cure can help to eye evade UV damage and retain central vision in old age. When someone has a deficit in the taurine, then it can lead to degeneration of vision. 
Grape seed extract: The grape seed extract has powerful antioxidants which can protect the eye and body organs from free radicals. There are some studies in which are shown that antioxidants are useful to prevent cataract .
Green tea: It is said that the green tea is very beneficial for fighting many different health conditions. This home remedy can help to protect the body parts from free radical damage. Also the consumption of green tea can be helpful for people with degenerative visual disorders. 
Lutein and zeaxanthin: People who suffer from macular degeneration should add some antioxidants in their diets because they can help to fight against the macular degeneration. These antioxidants can be found in plants with bright hued fruits. You should include vegetables like spinach, kale, carrots, tomatoes and romaine lettuce in your diet. The lutein can help to delay the onset of dry macular degeneration by preventing sun damage.
Astaxanthin: This is a carotenoid which is found mostly in algae. This carotenoid accumulates in the tissues of fish species like shrimp, salmon and trout. This is a very effective home remedy to bolster the eye health. You should include the sea foods in your diet because they will fight against the macular degeneration. 
Natural cures for macular degeneration
Vitamin E, Gamma Tocopherol: It is known that the Vitamin E and Gamma Tocopherol can aid in reducing retinal damage to a large extent. You can find these nutrients in many supplements. You can take the Vitamin E in capsule or supplement form but talk with your doctor before you start taking it.
Gingko biloba extract: This natural cure is rich in antioxidants and it aids in cellular metabolism. Also it can prevent the degenerative damage to eyes. There are some studies in which are said that this natural cure can be useful tool to fight against the retinal damages .
Refrain from activities that strain the eyes: When someone suffers from the macular degeneration, then it makes sense to refrain from activities which can strain the eye, especially the retina and macula. You should avoid watching TV for long hours. Also, when you work in front of computer screens, you need to take a break. If you go out in the sun, then you should wear sunglasses with UV protection. If you have a habit of reading books at night, then you should use proper lamps which offer required illumination.
Do eye exercises: We know that we cannot prevent the macular degeneration from affecting the central vision in the long run, but we can delay its onset by resorting to specific eye exercises. There are some specific eye exercises which can help you to strengthen the eye tissues and muscles. Talk with your eye specialist what kinds of exercises for macular degeneration you should make.
Maintain proper eye hygiene: It is very important to maintain proper eye hygiene because it can stop the worsening of macular degeneration. Also you should stop and avoid activities which can be stressful for macula and eye. Also people who are wearing contact lens should be very careful. These people need to keep the lens clean from dust, grime and articles. You should wash your lens with suitable liquid from time to time. You should never to go to bed without taking them off.
Evade sources of blue light: You can evade sources of blue light and ultraviolet ray because this can help you to avoid worsening of macular degeneration. 
Avoid low quality carbs: It is known fact that eating foods which are made of refined starches and excess sugar is bad for our heart health and waistline but it is also detrimental to eye health. When you eat foods made with low – quality carbohydrate, then they can double the risks of eye sight loss. There was one study in which was said that those people who eat foods that are with high glycemic index, can be affected by macular degeneration more than others. When people are consuming high – glycemic foods in long term, then it can increase the blood sugar levels which can affect the retina adversely. 
Folate: It is known fact that the consumption of folate can be good for the eye health and it is necessary to keep the eye diseases at bay . You can find the folate in many vegetables and foods such as green peas, corn, seaweed, sunflower seeds, lentils and soybeans.
Lycopene: This type of carotenoid and other similar caretonoids which are found in the vegetables like tomato are very important to fight the onset of macular degeneration. There are some studies in which are shown that the regular intake of lycopene can reduce the risk of macular degeneration. The lycopene can be useful to fight against other types of visual disorders. If you consume a tomato on daily basis, then it can help to keep your eyes healthy and fine. 
Reduce liquor intake: There are some studies in which are believed that the excess alcohol intake is detrimental for people who suffer from macular degeneration. When someone is diagnosed with macular degeneration, then he or she should reduce or stop the alcohol consumption.
Do eye checkups regularly: It is very important to have prevention and early detection because this is the best option for all people. When someone steps into their 40s, then it is recommended to go to regular eye checkups on every six months or so. This can help to identify the macular degeneration at an early stage and it can help you cope better. The dry macular degeneration can lead to wet macular degeneration and this is a reason why people with the former condition opt for periodical checkups.
Vitamin A and beta – carotene: One of the most important vitamins and minerals for maintaining eye health in people are Vitamin A and beta – carotene. The beta – carotene is offering nourishment to the eye’s photo receptors and also it aids in the macular functioning. Also it can help to prevent photo oxidation of the lens. You should eat a diet that is rich in these nutrients because they will keep the health of your eyes.
Eat moringa leaf: Moringa leaf has more or equal amount of nutrients and antioxidants. It is rich in zinc, beta – carotene, Vitamin C and Vitamin E. The mentioned nutrients can help to people who suffer from macular degeneration to cope with disease better. The antioxidants present in moringa leaf can help to prevent retina damage to an extent. Also the zinc which is present in the moringa leaf can slow down the growth of macular degeneration. Nowadays, you can find the moringa leaf in capsule form in markets. 
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