Motion Sickness: Symptoms And Causes

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is motion sickness psychological

The motion sickness is a very common disturbance of the inner ear. It is caused by the repeated motion from a vehicle or any other movements that disturb in the inner ear. Some people can experience nausea and even vomiting when they are riding in automobile, airplane or amusement park ride. In one study done in 2013 was said that 3 – D movies can cause nausea. Generally, this condition is called motion sickness [1]. When you are riding on a ship or boat, then it is known as sea sickness, but it is the same disorder, which means that there is no difference between motion sickness and boat sickness.

People and animals without a functional vestibular (balance) system are immune to motion sickness. Without the motion – sensing organs of the inner ear, the motion sickness does not happen, suggesting that the inner ear is important in motion sickness. The most common symptoms of it include dizziness, vomiting and nausea. Every single person can get motion sickness, but it is very common in children and pregnant women. But it is not like a cold, you cannot spread it to other people and it is not a contagious condition. For most people, the symptoms of it do not last long. [2]

They often go away once you get used to the situation, whether is a movement of a train or it is rocking of a boat. This usually goes away when the journey is over. But if you still feel dizzy, have a headache, continue to vomit, notice chest pain or hearing loss, then you should see your doctor as soon as possible. If the person is exposed to motion for an extended period (for example, during a journey at sea) or has repeated exposures, their brain can adapt in time to the repeated (constant) motion and they may no longer experience motion sickness.

motion sickness treatments

Motion sickness symptoms

The serious symptoms of motion sickness [2] include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Short breath
  • Drooling
  • Sweating
  • Pallor
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

Other common signs of motion sickness are:

  • Not feeling well (malaise)
  • A general feeling of discomfort
  • Sweating

The mild symptoms of motion sickness are categorized as:

The most cases of motion sickness are mild and life – threatening. It is noticed that the very severe cases and those that become progressively worse deserve the attention and care of a physician with special skill in diseases of the ear, balance (equilibrium) and the nervous system. Your doctor will ask about symptoms and he or she will find out what usually causes the problem (such as driving in a car, flying in a plane, riding in a boat) because in this way he or she will diagnose it. Usually, laboratory tests are not necessary to diagnose the motion sickness.

Motion sickness causes

The motion is caused by the brain through different pathways of the nervous system, including the inner ear, the eyes and the tissues of the body surface. When the body is moved intentionally, for example when you are walking, the input from all of the pathways is coordinated to our brain. It is known that the symptoms of it happen when the central nervous system receives conflicting messages from the sensory systems: the inner ear, eyes, skin pressure receptors and the muscle and joint sensory receptors.

For example, if someone is sat on a boat or in a car (and he is not looking out of a window), their inner ears sense movements up and down, also left and right, but their eyes see a static view, as if they are not moving at all. It is said that the conflict among the input is responsible for it.

Risk factors

Most people can experience motion sickness, but there are some factors which can cause it more likely to happen, such as

  • Children are more susceptible than adults (generally between the ages of 2 and 12 years) [3,4]
  • Women are generally more susceptible than men [5]
  • Hormonal factors include oral contraceptives, menstrual cycle factors and pregnancy
  • Other balance disorders may be a factor, particular migraine and vestibular disease
  • The person who has experienced motion sickness in the past may have worse symptoms on future trips by expecting to feel sick

References:

[1] Solimini AG. Are there side effects to watching 3D movies? A prospective crossover observational study on visually induced motion sickness. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e56160.

[2] Koch A, Cascorbi I, Westhofen M, et al. The neurophysiology and treatment of motion sickness. Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. 2018;115(41):687–996.

[3] Gordon CR, Shupak A. Prevention and treatment of motion sickness in children. CNS Drugs. 1999;12(5):369-81.

[4] Henriques IF, de Oliveira DWD, Oliveira-Ferreira F, Andrade PMdO. Motion sickness prevalence in school children. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2014;173(11).

[5] Park A, Hu SQ. Gender differences in motion sickness history and susceptibility to optokinetic rotation-induced motion sickness. Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine. 1999;70(11):1077-80.

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