Hyperpigmentation of our skin can cause dark patches and uneven color. The excess production of melanin is responsible for this condition. This condition can happen on almost any part of our bodies, including legs, arms, hands, neck and face. The main cause for the excess production of melanin is attributed to internal factors such as pregnancy, hormonal changes in the body and many health problems. But also there are external factors which can lead to hyperpigmentation such as contact with certain chemicals, emotional stress, burning, skin injury and excessive sun exposure. If you have hyperpigmentation, talk with your doctor before you start with any kind of treatment.
Home remedies for hyperpigmentation
Aloe Vera: This is one of the best natural cures for hyperpigmentation because it has polysaccharides in the gel . It can remove the dead skin cells. It can promote regeneration of new skin cells. Before you go to bed, you should apply some fresh Aloe Vera gel on the hyperpigmented skin and let it stay there throughout the night. You should rinse it off in the morning. You should follow this natural treatment every day in a period of few weeks because it can help you to get positive results. Also you can combine ½ tablespoon of raw honey with 2 tablespoons of Aloe Vera gel. You should mix it well. Allow it to settle for ten minutes. Now you should apply this natural cure to the pigmentation and you should let it dry naturally. After twenty minutes, you should wash it off with lukewarm water. You should follow this natural treatment for at least 2 weeks and every other day thereafter until you get the desired results.
Almonds: They are rich in Vitamin E which are good for our skin and the hyperpigmented skin . You should soak 5 almonds in water overnight. Next day, you should remove the almonds from the water and grind them and add milk to make a fine paste. Add few drops of lemon juice and one teaspoon of honey to make the paste and mix it well. You should spread this natural cure over the affected skin before you go to sleeping. Wash it off in the morning with cold water. You should follow this home treatment every night for 2 weeks and then you should do it 2 times per week.
Natural treatments for hyperpigmentation
Turmeric: This natural cure has bleaching properties which can help you to rid of the symptoms of hyperpigmented skin. Also, turmeric can keep your skin free of infections. You should mix one teaspoon of lemon juice with one teaspoon of turmeric powder. You should apply this home remedy on the affected area. You should allow it to stay there for 20 minutes. Then, rinse it off with cold water. You should avoid going out in the sun for an hour after you have followed this natural treatment. You should do this natural treatment once per day before showering because in this way you can maximize results. Also you can make a paste by mixing 5 tablespoons of turmeric powder with ten tablespoons of milk. You should apply this paste on the affected skin and you should gently massage it for 5 minutes. You should let it stay there for 20 minutes. Then, you should wash it off using warm water. 
Vitamin E: This vitamin is often referred as skin vitamin. This is one of the best natural treatments for hyperpigmentation. It is an antioxidant which can neutralize the effects of harmful UV rays of the sun and it repairs and protects your skin . You should puncture 2 or 3 Vitamin E capsules and put the contents in a bowl. Add 3 or 4 drops of castor oil to it and you should mix it well. Apply this natural cure on the affected skin before you go to bed. You should rinse it off the next morning. You should follow this natural treatment at daily basis for 2 – 3 weeks. Also you can make a homemade mask with ½ cup of Fuller’s earth, the contents of 2 Vitamin E capsules and one tablespoon of blended papaya. You should mix these ingredients together to form a thick paste. You should apply this mixture evenly on the affected skin and let it stay there for 20 minutes. Then, wash it off with lukewarm water. Repeat this natural treatment at regular basis and do it once a week. Also you can massage Vitamin E oil into the affected skin for ten minutes, two times per day to reduce the hyperpigmentation. You should follow this simple home remedy in a period of few weeks until you have noticed positive results.
Apple cider vinegar: This is one of the best home remedies when it comes to reducing the appearance of dark patches on your skin due to hyperpigmentation. It has excellent skin lightening and astringent properties which can help to restore the natural color of your skin . You should mix equal amounts of water and apple cider vinegar. You should use this home remedy to rinse the affected area. Let it stay there for 2 – 3 minutes and then you should rinse it off using lukewarm water. You should follow this home remedy two times per day in a period of few weeks. Also you can add 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar to half a glass of warm water. Then, you should mix it in one teaspoon of honey. Drink this home remedy 2 times per day, at the morning and at night. Drink it for a couple of weeks until you notice improvements in your condition.
Raw potato: This is one of the best home remedies which can help to lighten hyperpigmented skin as well as other blemishes and spots on your skin . Potatoes have catecholase which is an enzyme that is believed to lighten the skin tone. You should peel a potato and then you should cut it into thick slices. You should put a few drops of water on the surface of a potato piece and then you should rub it on your skin for 5 – 10 minutes. Then, rinse it off using lukewarm water. Do this natural treatment 3 or 4 times per day for at least a month. Also you can grate one medium – size potato and you should squeeze the juice out of it. You should add an equal amount of lemon juice to it. Mix them well. You should apply this natural cure on the pigmented area and let it stay there for about 20 – 30 minutes before you wash it off. Do this natural treatment 2 times per day in a period of month.
Lemon: Lemon has citric acid which can help bleach your skin which is making it one of the most popular natural treatments for hyperpigmentation [3,6]. This is a natural bleaching agent which can effectively fade the dark blemishes on the skin. You should extract lemon juice and then rub it on the skin using a cotton ball. Let it stay there for about ten to fifteen minutes and then you should wash it off using water. You should do this home treatment two times per day in a period of few months until you have noticed improvements in your condition. Also you can prepare a facial mask with equal amounts of raw honey and lemon juice. You should mix these ingredients well. Then, apply this home remedy to the affected skin. You should cover your skin with a warm towel for 15 minutes. Then, rinse it off with lukewarm water. You should do this natural treatment once per week in a period of few months. People who have sensitive skin must dilute the lemon juice with a little water before they use it.
Avocados: Avocados are rich in oleic acid, Vitamin C and fatty acids which can reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation . Also this natural cure has many enzymes and high amounts of Vitamin E which can reduce the pigmentation. You should mash one ripe avocado into a smooth paste. You should apply this paste on the affected skin. Let it stay there for 30 minutes and then wash it off using lukewarm water. You should follow this home remedy 2 times per day for at least one month to get positive results. Also you can mash half of a ripe avocado into a smooth paste and you should mix it in one teaspoon of milk and 2 teaspoons of honey. You should apply this home remedy on the affected area. Let it dry on its own and then rinse it off using lukewarm water. You should do this natural treatment every day in a period of one month.
Orange peel: The orange peel has citric acid which has bleaching properties and it can help you to rid of the dark patches on your skin . You should add 1 teaspoon each of honey, milk and lemon juice to one tablespoon of dried orange peel powder. You should apply this paste on the affected areas. Let it stay there for 20 minutes and then massage it gently. Finally, you should wash it using lukewarm water. You should follow this natural treatment at least 3 or 4 times per week to encourage call renewal and to reduce the dark skin patches.
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 Hollinger JC, Angra K, Halder RM. Are natural ingredients effective in the management of hyperpigmentation? A systematic review. The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology. 2018;11(2):28-37.
 Burke KE, Clive J, Combs GF, et al. Effects of topical and oral vitamin E on pigmentation and skin cancer induced by ultraviolet irradiation in Skh:2 hairless mice. Nutrition and Cancer. 2000;38(1):87-97.
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