Diabetes is condition when your blood sugar, also known as glucose is too high. This blood sugar is the main type of sugar that is found in your body. Glucose helps you to have more energy and to be healthier. This blood sugar comes from the food that you eat and also is it made in your muscles and your liver. Your blood is caring the glucose all over your body to feed you with energy. Your pancreas releases a hormone that makes by itself, called insulin, in your blood. Insulin is helping to your blood to carry the glucose all over your body. Sometimes your body is not making enough insulin or perhaps the insulin which is produced in your body is not working as it should. This is reason for glucose to stay in your blood, not reaching the cells and making your organism less prepare for everyday activities. When the glucose stays in your cells this is enough reason to cause you health problems like diabetes and pre-diabetes. But also sometimes if you have too much glucose in your blood can cause you health problems.
What is pre-diabetes? This is a condition when the amount of glucose in your blood is high, but not high enough to be called diabetic. With pre-diabetic your chances to have heart attack, diabetics, type-2-diabetics and stroke are higher . To run from diabetes you should be physically active. If you have overweight, you should exercise normally. If you listen to this health advice, you can easily return to normal glucose level and in many cases this happened with no medicines at all.
Diabetes – Symptoms and Types
The signs and symptoms: In the next list we give you the signs and symptoms:
- Dry skin
- Itchy skin
- Feeling very tired
- Feeling very hungry
- Blurry eyesight
- Feelings of pins and needles in your feet
- Losing weight without trying
- Sores that heal slowly
- Being very thirsty
- Urinating often
Some people with diabetes are not feeling these symptoms. To be sure that you have or you do not have diabetics you should visit your doctor and take blood test.
Types of diabetes
Have you ever asked yourself what kind of diabetics there are? There are three main types of diabetics. These are diabetes-type-1, diabetes-type-2 and gestational-diabetes. People can have diabetes on different ages. Both men and women are affected with this disease.
Type-1-Diabetes: This form is also known as juvenile-diabetes appears the most in young ages. But also type-1-diabetes can be also seen in much older people. In this type of diabetes your body is not making insulin enough. The reason is your immune system. This immune system usually protects your body from bacteria, infections and viruses, but in this is not working. Instead, the insulin is attacking the cells that are producing insulin and it destroys them. Treatment for type-1-diabetics usually contains :
- Being physically active
- Making healthy food
- Taking shots of insulin (shots are also known as injections)
- Controlling your blood pressure levels
- Controlling your cholesterol levels
- Sometimes taking medicines by mouth
Type-2-Diabetes: Type-2-diabetics appears in the most cases in the adult ages. But also can affect on any age, even children. People who are not physically active and have overweight are more likely to have type-2-diabetes. Type-2-diabetics is caused when fat and muscle cells are not using the insulin to carry glucose all over the body. This is reason not having enough energy and you have been feeling that you are exhausted all the time. The body needs more insulin to help glucose enter cells. Treatment for type-2-diabetes usually contains :
- Using diabetes medicines
- Control your blood pressure levels regularly
- Control your cholesterol levels regularly
- Making healthy food
- Being physically active
Gestational-diabetes: This type of diabetics can happen when a woman is pregnant. Pregnant women will produce hormones that can lead to insulin resistance. All pregnant women have insulin resistance when they are in late pregnancy. Because of this reason many women can have gestational-diabetics. When woman is pregnant, she should keep watch over her weight. Overweight woman are having more chances to get gestational-diabetes. [4,5]
 National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Retrieved from www.niddk.nih.gov/
 Raha O, Chowdhury S, Dasgupta S, et al. Approaches in type 1 diabetes research: A status report. International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries. 2009;29(2):85–101.
 Olokoba AB, Obateru OA, Olokoba LB. Type 2 diabetes mellitus: A review of current trends. Oman Medical Journal. 2012;27(4):269–73.
 Plows JF, Stanley JL, Baker PN, et al. The pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018;19(11):3342.
 Nasiri-Amiri F, Sepidarkish M, Shirvani MA, et al. The effect of exercise on the prevention of gestational diabetes in obese and overweight pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome. 2019.
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