Lipoma – Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors & Types

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Lipoma

The lipoma is a slow-growing and fatty lump which is most often situated between the skin and the underlying muscle layer. The lipoma, which feels doughy and usually, it is not tender, moves readily with slight finger pressure. Usually, lipomas are detected in the middle age. There are some cases when people can have more than one lipoma.

The lipoma is not cancer and usually, it is harmless. Usually, the treatment of lipoma is not necessary, but if the lipoma bothers you, is growing or it is painful, then you can remove it.

There are very rare cases when people develop a lipoma which is size around 2 – 3 cm. There, are very rare cases when people develop a lipoma which is more than 10 cm. Your doctor can remove the lipoma surgically. Before you want to make some kind of operation to your lipoma, you need to talk with your doctor so you can be sure that you need to do surgery. Usually, doctors recommend making surgery if the lipoma is causing pain or other symptoms or if the person wants to remove the lipoma for cosmetic reason.

There are some studies which are shown that about 1% of people have lipomas and the most commonly happen between 40 and 60 years old. Fatty tumours can be benign or cancerous. Experts are not able to agree on whether or not lipomas themselves can become cancerous.

If you noticed that your lipoma becomes painful, gets larger or it changes in any other way, then you should talk with your doctor as soon as possible. There are natural remedies for lipoma removing, but you need to talk with your doctor before you start with any kind of treatment, because they can cause side effects.

Contents

Symptoms of Lipoma

Lipoma - Symptoms, Causes, Risk factors & Types

It is known that lipomas can happen anywhere in the body. They are typically:

Generally small

Typically, lipomas are less than 5 cm (2 inches) in diameter, but they can grow.

Soft and doughy to the touch

Lipomas can move easily with slight finger pressure.

Situated just under the skin

The lipoma commonly happens in the thighs, arms, abdomen, back, shoulders and neck.

Sometimes painful

It is known that lipomas can be painful if they grow and they press the nearby nerves or if they have many blood vessels.

In rare cases, lipomas are a serious medical condition. If you notice a lump or swelling anywhere on your body, then you should talk with your doctor to check it.

Causes

The cause for lipoma is not fully understood. It is noticed that the lipoma tends to run in families, so genetic factors are playing a role in their development. Some people inherit a faulty gene from their parents which can cause one or more lipomas. This is rare and it is known as familial multiple lipomatosis. Lipomas can happen more frequently in people who have specific conditions, such as

Adiposis dolorosa

Madelung’s disease

Cowden syndrome

Gardner’s syndrome

Also, there are some studies in which are said that some lipomas can result from an injury which is involving a substantial impact on the area.

Risk factors

It is very common for people to develop lipomas. There are some studies in which are noticed that around 1% of people have a lipoma. Those people who have a family relative with one or more lipomas have increased the risk of developing lipoma. There are some factors which can increase your risk of developing a lipoma, such as

Genetics

It is noticed that lipomas tend to run in families.

Being between 40 and 60 years old

It is known that lipomas can happen at any age, but they are most common in people who are between 40 and 60 years old.

Also, there are other factors which can increase the risk of developing lipoma, such as

Glucose intolerance

Liver disease

Diabetes

High cholesterol

Obesity

Types

There are many subtypes of lipomas, such as

Superficial subcutaneous lipomas

Spindle – cell lipomas

Pleomohphic lipomas

Neural fibrolipomas lipomas

Intradermal spindle cell lipomas

Hibernomas lipomas

Corpus callosum lipomas

Chondroid lipomas

Cerebral pontine angle and internal auditory canal lipomas

Angiolipomas

Angiolipoleimyomas

Adenolipomas

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