Infected Eye: 5 Types & Common Symptoms

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Infected Eye

Eye infections can cause bothersome symptoms, such as blurry vision, itching, pain, and redness. Different germs can affect different parts of our eyes. As a result of this, each infection may need different treatment. When you have a minor eye infection, then it will heal well on its own. But, if you have a serious eye infection, then you need medical treatment because otherwise, it can cause you an infection.

Usually, the eye infection clears up in 7 to 14 days without treatment and without any long–term side effects. Your doctor will find the cause for your infected eyes, so he or she can give you the right treatment.

Infected Eye

Symptoms:

When you have an eye infection, you can have symptoms in just one eye or in both eyes. There are different symptoms which you can have:

How your eye feels:

You can notice problems like:

  • Irritation in the eyes
  • Your eyes will not stop tearing up
  • Your eyelid is tender when you touch it
  • There is a small, painful lump under your eyelid or at the base of your eyelashes
  • A burning sensation in your eyes
  • Your eyes hurt when it is bright (when it is a light sensitivity)
  • You have a feeling that there is something on or in your eye
  • Your eyes are itchy
  • Discomfort or pain in your eyes

How your eyes look:

You can see changes, such as

  • Your lashes and lids are crusty, especially in the morning
  • You have swollen red or purple eyelids
  • You can notice pink color in the whites of your eyes
  • You can see discharge from one or both your eyes, which can be yellow, green, or clear

How well you see:

You can notice that you have blurry vision.

Also, there are other problems which you may get, such as fever, swollen lymph nodes near your ear, and trouble wearing contacts.

Types:

There are different types of eye infections, so it is very important to talk with your doctor about the type you have. Your doctor can help you to get the best treatment for your condition. Some of the most common conditions of eye infections include:

Uveitis:

It is an inflammation of the middle layer of your eye, which is known as the uvea. This condition can be caused by certain viruses, like herpes, but it is most commonly linked to autoimmune disorders, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

Fungal eye infections:

In rare cases, people can get infections from a fungus, but if you get it, then it can be serious. There are many fungal infections that happen after an eye injury, especially if the eye was scraped by something from a thorn, stick, or plant. Also, if you wear contacts and you do not clean them properly, then you can get a fungal eye infection.

Stye:

This type of infection can crop up as painful red bumps under your eyelid or at the base of your eyelashes. You can get this condition when the oil glands in your eyelashes or eyelids get infected with bacteria. They are similar to a simple and what is more important is that they are not contagious.

Keratitis:

This type of eye infection is an inflammation of your cornea, which can be caused by parasites, viruses, or bacteria in water. This is a frequent medical problem for people who wear contact lenses.

Pinkeye:

This is an infection of your conjunctiva. Usually, this condition gives your eyes a pink tint. This type of eye infection is provoked by a virus or bacteria. But, in some cases, you can get it from an allergic reaction or irritants. When you have a cold, then it is very common to get pinkeye. But, in adults, it is most commonly caused by a virus. In children, it is most commonly caused by bacteria.

Your doctor will need to look at your eye and may also take a tissue or fluid simply, so he or she can decide the best treatment for your infected eye. The doctor will send the sample of your eye to a lab. Here, the sample will be checked under a microscope or put into a dish to make a culture. When the lab results will be done, your doctor will give appropriate treatment. He or she may prescribe the medication you take by mouth, eye drops, or cream you spread on your eyelids and eye. You should not wear contact lenses until your eye infection has cleared up.

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