SIDS is shortcut which is used for sudden infant death syndrome. This is a sudden and unexpected death of an otherwise healthy baby. This is rare condition and it is affecting under 300 babies in the United Kingdom each year. The SIDS is usually happening during the first six months of the baby’s life. Physical factors which are linked to SIDS are respiratory infection, low birth weight and brain abnormalities. Environmental risk factors for SIDS are sleeping with the parents, sleeping on a soft surface, sleeping on the stomach or side. There are also other contributing factors such as family history of the condition, race, age and sex of the baby. Those mothers, who have inadequate prenatal care, use of drugs or alcohol, are smokers and are under the age of 20, are having the biggest chances to have babies which can be affected by SIDS. There are no symptoms associated with SIDS because it is instant. There are many ways which can help to reduce the risk of SIDS of your baby but you should know that there is no 100% way to prevent this condition. Talk with your doctor about the best way to prevent SIDS of your baby. You should remember that SIDS is not fault of some parent and no one should be accused for it. It can happen in families of all social and economic levels. It is known that most cases of SIDS victims have appeared to be healthy before their death.
Home remedies and lifestyle changes which you can use or make for SIDS:
Do not leave the baby sleep alone: There are some studies in which are shown that when baby sleeps in the same room with the mother, then this is decreasing the risk of SIDS. But you should know that it is dangerous for your baby to sleep with another child or adult in the same bed, on a couch or in an armchair. If you get your baby into your bed for breastfeeding or for comforting, then you should be sure to put the baby back in his own cradle, crib or bassinet when you are ready to sleep . If you are tired, then you should not breastfeed while sitting on a couch or in a chair in case you fall asleep. Also you should never bring the baby to the bed with you when you are using medicines that affect your sleep or when you are very tired.
Do not smoke around your baby: If you are smoker, than you must quit smoking. It is known fact that babies who are born by women who smoked during the pregnancy die from SIDS 3 times more often compared to babies who are born by nonsmokers. Smoking is one of the biggest risk factors for SIDS. Also the secondhand smoke around your baby is increasing his/her chances of SIDS . You should never let any smoker around your baby.
Firm bed, no soft toys or bedding: You should always lay your baby down to sleep on either a firm surface or mattress in a crib or bassinet because in this way you will prevent suffocation and smothering . The fitted sheet is all your baby’s crib needs. You should not put crib bumpers, stuffed toys, sheepskin, pillows or blankets in your baby’s crib.
Natural cures for SIDS
Put a sleeping baby on his back: If your baby sleeps on his stomach or side, then it has increased chances of getting SIDS. The baby who is place on his side can roll over on his stomach. These positions put your baby’s face in the sleeping area or mattress which can smother him. This is a reason why you should always put your baby to sleep on his back when you put him in his bed to sleep, no matter if is nap, it is night or any time of the day . You should let your baby to sleep in swing, baby seat, car seat or stroller for a prolonged period. You should get him out and then lay him on a bed or flat surface. Also you should tell all people who take care of your baby to put your baby sleeping on his back and explain them how much is this important. This includes older siblings, childcare providers, babysitters, grandparents and others. Your people may think that if they put it one time on his side or stomach it will not matter, but in fact it can. The baby who usually sleeps on his back and it is suddenly laid on his stomach to sleep then his risk of SIDS is increased. You should not be worried that your baby might choke while sleeping on his back. Choking is very rare. Healthy babies tend to cough up or swallow fluids automatically. If you are concerned about your baby, then you should ask your pediatrician about elevating the head of your baby’s bed. Around the sixth month of your baby’s life, he or she can roll over the both ways and your baby may not stay on his back but this is okay. Once your baby knows how to roll over, you should let him to choose his own sleep position. You should never let your baby’s face be covered with bedclothes or clothing. Also you should avoid using comforters or blankets.
Breastfeed as long as you can: There are some studies in which are said that breastfeeding can lower the risk of SIDS as much as 50% but experts are not sure why it is like this. There are some people who think that the breast milk can protect babies from infections which are increasing their risk of SIDS . If you breastfeed, then you should not drink alcohol because this is also increasing the risk of your baby to get SIDS. Also the simple touch is helpful. It is very important to have skin – to – skin contact because in this way your baby is developing.
Do not give honey to an infant under 1 year old: It is known fact that honey can lead to botulism in very young children . You should never give honey to a child that is under 1 year old. Bacteria that cause botulism and this condition can be linked to SIDS.
Stay away from products that claim to reduce the risk of SIDS: You should avoid any product which says that it can lower your baby’s risk of SIDS because they have not been proven that are effective or safe. Also electronic respirators and cardiac monitors have not been proven to reduce the risk of SIDS so this is a reason why you should avoid them.
Make sure your baby does not overheat: We know that babies do not have the ability to regulate their body temperature and this is a reason why are they sensitive to extreme temperatures. You should put your baby to sleep in a room which has comfortable temperature. The ideal temperature is between 16 – 20 degrees Celsius. Also there is another good step in making sure that your baby do not become too warm and that is to put your baby to sleep on his back. Also it is very important not to layer up your baby too much, both in terms of blankets and clothing. In general is recommended dressing your baby in no more than one extra layer that you would wear . If your baby is sweating or his/her chest feels hot, then your baby may be too hot. If you are worried that your baby is cold, then you should use warm sleeper that is the right size for your baby or you can use a wearable blanket, such as a sleeping sack. You should sue them to cover his/her body and not his/her head.
Prenatal care: There are many studies in which are shown that the good prenatal care can lower the risk of SIDS but also it will ensure a smooth pregnancy. It is very important for any baby to his/her mother received early and regular prenatal care. Also the prenatal care can reduce the risk of a premature birth or low birth weight. It is known that they can increase the risk of SIDS. Those mothers who had smoked during pregnancy can increase the risk of SIDS to her baby. Also during the pregnancy you should not drink alcohol or take drugs, unless drugs are prescribed by your doctor. You should keep all your prenatal appointments.
Magnesium: There are some studies in which are said that the magnesium is playing a role in the SIDS and other situations that are happening during the pregnancy, birth or infancy. It is shown that the low levels of magnesium can lead to dysregulation in the body, poor lung function, etc [5,6]. Magnesium is one of the most important minerals which you should consume throughout pregnancy and while nursing. It can reduce the risk of pregnancy complications and SIDS. Magnesium sulfate and magnesium chloride are recommended for using but talk with your doctor about the best way you can consume them.
Swaddling: This is a term which is used to describe wrapping a light blanket snuggly around your baby. When baby is crying, then swaddling can help him. If you swaddle your baby, then you should be sure to place him on his back to sleep. When your baby starts to roll, then you should stop swaddling it.
 Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: Updated 2016 recommendations for safe infant sleeping environment. Pediatrics. 2016;138(5).
 Thompson JMD, Tanabe K, Moon RY, et al. Duration of breastfeeding and risk of SIDS: An individual participant data meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2017;140(5).
 Hauck FR, Thompson JMD, Tanabe KO, et al. Breastfeeding and reduced risk of sudden infant death syndrome: A meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2011;128(1).
 Abdulla CO, Ayubi A, Zulfiquer F, et al. Infant botulism following honey ingestion. BMJ Case Reports. 2012.
 Durlach J, Pages N, Bac P, et al. Magnesium deficit and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): SIDS due to magnesium deficiency and SIDS due to various forms of magnesium depletion: possible importance of the chronopathological form. Magnesium Research. 2002;15(3-4):269-78.
 Caddell JL. Magnesium deficiency promotes muscle weakness, contributing to the risk of sudden infant death (SIDS) in infants sleeping prone. Magnesium Research. 2001;14(1-2):39-50.